Chapters in this book

  • Hopkyns, Sarah; Elyas, Tariq (2022)
    This chapter explores how bottom-up and top-down language policies in the Gulf countries interact with wider language ideologies and discourses related to globalization, internationalization of higher education, and ...
  • Zoghbor, Wafa; Alqahtani, Muneer (2022)
    Language has a salient role of indicating group membership and is considered a symbol of different social identities. Within the Arabic language, variation across countries and regions create multiple identities, and the ...
  • Hopkyns, Sarah; van den Hoven, Melanie (2022)
    The linguistic ecology of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) is characterized by diversity. While effective communication in multilingual contexts is important during ordinary times, it becomes especially vital during a crisis ...

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