Rodríguez Pascual, Alejandro (editor)
Espinosa Víctor, Eduardo (editor)
Recently, there has been a growing awareness of the need to make better use of natural resources. Hence, the utilization of biomass has led to so-called biorefinery, consisting of the fractionation or separation of the different components of the lignocellulosic materials in order to achieve a total utilization of the same, and not only of the cellulosic fraction for paper production. The use of plant biomass as a basic raw material implies a shift from an economy based on the exploitation of non-renewable fossil fuels, with limited reserves or with regeneration cycles far below the rates of exploitation, to a bioeconomy based on the use of renewable organic natural resources, with balanced regeneration and extraction cycles. To make this change, profound readjustments in existing technologies are necessary, as well as the application of new approaches in research, development, and production."Biorefinery" is the term used to describe the technology for the fractionation of plant biomass into energy, chemicals, and consumer goods. The future generation of biorefinery will include treatments, leading to high-value-added compounds. The use of green chemistry technologies and principles in biorefineries, such as solvent and reagent recovery and the minimization of effluent and gas emissions, is essential to define an economically and environmentally sustainable process.In particular, the biorefinery of lignocellulosic materials to produce biofuels, chemicals and materials is presented as a solid alternative to the current petrochemical platform and a possible solution to the accumulation of greenhouse gases.
Keywordslignocellulosic biomass; solid-state fermentation; enzymatic hydrolysis; aerated bioreactor; Aspergillus oryzae; lignin; lignocellulose; aromatics; biobased; epoxy; fatty acid; biopolymers; biobased materials; biorenewable; bio-based filament; 3D printing; sugarcane bagasse pulp; barley straw; composite; flexural strength; biobased polyethylene; nanocellulose; β-cyclodextrin; cryogels; films; biomaterials; cellulose; dialdehyde cellulose; organosilane chemistry; 29Si NMR; solid state NMR; silanization; lignocellulose valorization; ‘lignin-first’; reductive catalytic fractionation; lignocellulose nanofibers; horticultural residues; paperboard; recycling; biosurfactants; enzymatic saccharification; fermentation; quinoa saponins; steam-pretreated spruce; lignocellulosic material; xylose; furfural; iron chloride; microwave reactor; biorefinery; electrosynthesis; biomass; carbohydrate; saccharides; electro-oxidation; electroreduction; residue; agro-industry; high-value products; banana; torrefaction; Jerusalem artichoke; biofuel; energy crops; agiculture; micro-fibrillated cellulose; formaldehyde adhesives; wood-based panels; kraft lignin; adsorbent material; copper adsorption; H2S adsorption; H2S removal; n/a
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021
Research & information: general