Health Care for Older Adults
Tarazona Santabalbina, Francisco José (editor)
Santaeugènia Gonzàlez, Sebastià Josep (editor)
García Navarro, José Augusto (editor)
Viña, José (editor)
In recent decades, life expectancy has been increasing. This is a historical milestone in the history of humanity. We have never lived so long before. In these circumstances, giving the best care to older adults efficiently is one of the greatest challenges of developed countries. This book explores different initiatives that result in the improvement of health conditions of older adults, such as multicomponent physical exercise programs, interventions that try to avoid loneliness and social isolation, and multidisciplinary assessment, and the treatment of frailty and other geriatric syndromes, of the elderly in various settings such as the Emergency Unit, Orthogeriatrics, and Oncogeriatrics. This book offers different manuscripts to readers, each trying to improve life satisfaction, quality of life, and life expectancy in older adults in different scenarios. It is up to us to achieve these goals. We are sure that these interesting chapters will contribute to improving clinical practices. Following the completion of the Special Issue "Health Care for Older Adults" for the international Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, the Guest Editors felt the satisfaction of having reached 18 published manuscripts and the possibility of transforming this volume into a book. This book was born from the need to show how health and social advances have increased human longevity as never before. We live longer, knowing more and more the epigenetic mechanisms of this longevity, as extended aging also coexists with the least favorable aging trajectories. Among them, a syndrome stands out from the gerontological and geriatric perspective: frailty. Due to the pandemic, a social problem has increased its presence in clinical practice: ageism. Older adults have found it difficult to access the necessary clinical resources due to the simple matter of age. However, at this moment, we are able to detect and to reverse frailty. In the same way, we should aim to prevent loneliness and social isolation, involved in social frailty. Geriatric syndromes are underdiagnosed and undertreated, but clinical and geriatric knowledge provide diagnostic tools and non-pharmacological approaches to prevent and to treat them. All health professionals working together in an interdisciplinary team could improve the clinical practices to develop a quality health care for older adults, improving their life satisfaction and quality of life perception too.
Keywordsneck stabilization exercise; nonspecific neck pain; salt pack; thermotherapy; anticholinergic drugs; pneumonia; elderly; potentially inappropriate medication; pharmacoepidemiology; infrared thermography; cutaneous temperature; skin blood flow; dementia; body temperature; thermal sensation; thermal comfort; imaging; mapping; environmental temperature; frailty; COVID-19; aging; physical activity; mental health; social relationships; social frailty; older adults; life satisfaction; accidental falls; research hotspot; CiteSpace; knowledge domain visualization; geriatric syndromes; healthy aging; exercise; histones; DNA methylation; non-coding RNA; hip fractures; geriatric assessment; orthogeriatric care; functional recovery; mortality; hip fracture surgery; multidisciplinary care; predictive model; hip fracture; gait recovery; feasibility; frailty index; psychometrics; reliability; validity; ageing; qualitative research; primary health care; loneliness; social capital; colorectal cancer; comprehensive geriatric assessment; geriatric liaison; multicomponent programs; functional capacity; n/a; occupational therapy; occupational function; social network; social isolation; posterior occlusal support; maximum occlusal force; masticatory function; standing motion; removable prostheses; Eichner index; fracture fixation; geriatric; intertrochanteric fractures; prognostic factors; Thai; aged people; STOPP/START; Beers criteria; medical prescriptions for chronic pathologies; inappropriate prescribing; nursing; delirium; machine learning technique; random forest
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021
Public health & preventive medicine