Efficient Technology for the Pretreatment of Biomass II
Ferrer, Ivet (editor)
Eskicioglu, Cigdem (editor)
Antonopoulou, Georgia (editor)
Battimelli, Audrey (editor)
Biomass can be used as feedstock for the production of biomaterials, chemicals, platform molecules and biofuels. It is the most reliable alternative to reduce fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Within the framework of the circular economy, resource recovery from organic waste, including sewage sludge, biowaste, manure and slaughterhouse waste, is particularly useful, as it helps saving resources while reducing environmental pollution. In contrast to energy crops, lignocellulosic biomass and algae do not compete for food production; therefore, they represent an important source of biomass for bioenergy and bioproducts. However, biomass may require a pretreatment step in order to enhance its conversion into valuable products in terms of process yield and/or productivity. Furthermore, a pretreatment step may be mandatory for waste management (i.e., animal by-products).Pretreatment technologies are applied upstream of various conversion processes of biomass into biofuels or biomaterials, including bioethanol, biohydrogen, biomethane, biomolecules or bioproducts. Pretreatments may include mechanical, thermal, chemical and biological techniques, which represent a crucial, cost-intensive step for the development of biorefineries. Thus, research is needed to help identify the most effective, economic, and environmentally friendly pretreatment options for each feedstock. This Special Issue aims to gather recent developments of biomass pretreatments for bioproduct and biofuel production.
Keywordsbiomass; valorisation; ionic liquid; crystallinity; enzymatic hydrolysis; pre-treatment; acidogenic fermentation; hydrothermal treatment; source separated organics; volatile fatty acids; particulate organics solubilization; microbial community analysis; Pennisetum alopecuroides; dilute alkaline pretreatment; ferric chloride pretreatment; bioethanol; biomethane; citrus peel waste; biorefinery; biorefinery residues; ADM1; anaerobic digestion; aqueous ammonia soaking pre-treatment; continuous; digested manure fibers; modelling; acetic acid; butyric acid; HRT; pH; propionic acid; steam treatment; pretreatment; lignocellulose; biochemical methane potential; lithium; sugarcane bagasse; saccharification; glycosyl-hydrolase; ToF-SIMS; surface ion distribution; second-generation ethanol; microwave pretreatment; grass biomass; p-hydroxycinnamic acids extraction; lignocellulosic biomass; NaOH pretreatment; bioreactor experiments; inhibition; grass lawn waste; whole slurry; separated fractions; alkali; acid; energy balance; economical assessment; municipal sludge; thermal pretreatment; microwave; contaminants of emerging concern; personal care products; antimicrobial disinfectants; triclosan; ultra-high performance liquid chromatography; tandem mass spectrometry; biogas production; fruit and vegetable harvesting wastes; process optimization; thermo chemical pretreatment; biogas yield; waste activated sludge; electro-Fenton; disintegration; dewaterability; mechanical pretreatments; agricultural wastes; rheology; physical properties
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021
Technology: general issues