Current Advances in Anaerobic Digestion Technology
Nikolausz, Marcell (editor)
Kretzschmar, Jörg (editor)
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the oldest biotechnological processes and originally referred to biomass degradation under anoxic conditions in both natural and engineered systems. It has been used for decades to treat various waste streams and to produce methane-rich biogas as an important energy carrier, and it has become a major player in electrical power production. AD is a popular, mature technology, and our knowledge about the influencing process parameters as well as about the diverse microbial communities involved in the process has increased dramatically over the last few decades. To avoid competition with food and feed production, the AD feedstock spectrum has constantly been extended to waste products either rich in recalcitrant lignocellulose or containing inhibitory substances such as ammonia, which requires application of various pre-treatments or specific management of the microbial resources. Extending the definition of AD, it can also convert gases rich in hydrogen and carbon dioxide into methane that can substitute natural gas, which opens new opportunities by a direct link to traditional petrochemistry. Furthermore, AD can be coupled with emerging biotechnological applications, such as microbial electrochemical technologies or the production of medium-chain fatty acids by anaerobic fermentation. Ultimately, because of the wide range of applications, AD is still a very vital field in science. This Special Issue highlights some key topics of this research field.
Keywordsanaerobic digestion; solid digestate; milling process; sugars recovery; energy balances; bioethanol production; biogas upgrading; biomethane; bio-succinic acid; CO2 utilization; feasibility assessment; acetate; lactate; inoculum; food waste; sewage sludge; lactic acid bacteria; cattle manure; steam explosion; pre-treatment; UASB; co-digestion; biogas; high-rate anaerobic digestion; energy recovery; granular sludge; renewable energy; decentralized wastewater treatment; two-stage anaerobic digestion; Anammox; enzyme application; rheology of digestate; methane; aquaculture; trout; sludge; wastewater; drum sieve; microfiltration; settling; waste-to-energy; wet waste; bioenergy; techno-economic analysis; ammonia inhibition; chicken manure; dairy cow manure; high-solids anaerobic digestion; inoculum adaptation; volatile fatty acids; dry batch anaerobic digestion; percolation; permeability; Salmonella spp.; Escherichia coli O157; Listeria monocytogenes; Enterococcus faecalis; Clostridium spp.; digestate; pathogens; sustainable farming; anaerobic digester; antibiotics removal; antimicrobial; chlortetracycline; Tylosin; n/a
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021
Research & information: general
Biology, life sciences