Miniaturized Silicon Photodetectors
New Perspectives and Applications
Casalino, Maurizio (editor)
Silicon (Si) technologies provide an excellent platform for the design of microsystems where photonic and microelectronic functionalities are monolithically integrated on the same substrate. In recent years, a variety of passive and active Si photonic devices have been developed, and among them, photodetectors have attracted particular interest from the scientific community. Si photodiodes are typically designed to operate at visible wavelengths, but, unfortunately, their employment in the infrared (IR) range is limited due to the neglectable Si absorption over 1100 nm, even though the use of germanium (Ge) grown on Si has historically allowed operations to be extended up to 1550 nm. In recent years, significant progress has been achieved both by improving the performance of Si-based photodetectors in the visible range and by extending their operation to infrared wavelengths. Near-infrared (NIR) SiGe photodetectors have been demonstrated to have a “zero change” CMOS process flow, while the investigation of new effects and structures has shown that an all-Si approach could be a viable option to construct devices comparable with Ge technology. In addition, the capability to integrate new emerging 2D and 3D materials with Si, together with the capability of manufacturing devices at the nanometric scale, has led to the development of new device families with unexpected performance. Accordingly, this Special Issue of Micromachines seeks to showcase research papers, short communications, and review articles that show the most recent advances in the field of silicon photodetectors and their respective applications.
Keywordsgraphene; polycrystalline silicon; photodiode; phototransistor; pixel; high dynamic range (HDR) image; Ni/4H-SiC Schottky barrier diodes (SBDs); C/Si ratios; 1/f noise; resonant cavity; photodetectors; near-infrared; silicon; p-Si/i-ZnO/n-AZO; avalanche photodiode (APD); impact ionization coefficients; GeSn alloys; silicon photonics; photonic integrated circuits; microbolometer; complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible; uncooled infrared detectors; thermal detectors; infrared focal plane array (IRFPA); read-out integrated circuit (ROIC); photodetector; semiconductor; microphotonics; group IV; colloidal systems; single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD); gating; avalanche transients; 3.3 V/0.35 µm complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS); n/a
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021
Technology: general issues