Oligodendrocyte Physiology and Pathology Function
Kipp, Markus (editor)
The adult vertebrate central nervous system mainly consists of neurons, astrocytes, microglia cells, and oligodendrocytes. Oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the CNS, are subjected to cell stress and subsequent death in a number of metabolic or inflammatory disorders, among which multiple sclerosis (MS) is included. This disease is associated with the development of large demyelinated plaques, oligodendrocyte destruction, and axonal degeneration, paralleled by the activation of astrocytes and microglia as well as the recruitment of peripheral immune cells to the site of tissue injury. Of note, viable oligodendrocytes and an intact myelin sheath are indispensable for neuronal health. For example, it has been shown that oligodendrocytes provide nutritional support to neurons, fast axonal transport depends on proper oligodendrocyte function, and mice deficient in mature myelin proteins eventually display severe neurodegeneration. This Special Issue contains a collection of highly relevant primary research articles as well as review articles focusing on the development, physiology, and pathology of the oligodendrocyte–axon–myelin unit.
Keywordsplasma membrane proteins; liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry; murine acute brain slices; reproducibility; rat cerebellum; Nsun5; Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS); corpus callosum (CC); oligodendrocyte (OL); myelination; remyelination; EGFR inhibitor; smoothened agonist; microfibers; drug screening; multiple sclerosis; cuprizone; atrophy; design-based stereology; 18F-FDG; macromolecular proton fraction; MPF; myelin; magnetic resonance imaging; cuprizone model; demyelination; oligodendrocyte precursors; oligodendrocytes; immunohistochemistry; oligodendrocyte; epigenetics; neurodegeneration; laquinimod; energy drinks; caffeine; taurine; neuron; OPC; oligodendrocyte progenitor cells; screening; nanofibers; DigiGait™; experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis; gait analysis; schizophrenia; interneuron; pluripotent stem cells; cognition; treatment; cre-recombinase; experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE); glial progenitor cells; tamoxifen; down syndrome; white matter; glial fate; transient receptor potential ankyrin 1; astrocyte; conditional knockout; astrocytes; white matter disease; cross-talk; CNS; glial cells.; age; microglia; n/a
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021