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dc.contributor.editorCai, Yuzhuo
dc.contributor.editorMa, Jinyuan
dc.contributor.editorChen, Qiongqiong
dc.description.abstractHigher education has been considered both an ‘engine’ for innovation and a ‘catalyst’ for sustainability development; the integration of both the innovation engine and sustainability catalyst roles are discussed in a recently published Special Issue on the theme of Higher Education in Innovation Ecosystems in the journal Sustainability. Based on 16 articles contributing to the Special Issue from various perspectives, the Special Issue editors have developed an overarching framework about the relationships between higher education and innovation ecosystems. In the framework, we re-define the concept of innovation ecosystem and identify emerging roles of universities in developing sustainable innovation ecosystems. Re-conceptualization of innovation ecosystems In the editorial of the Special Issue, innovation ecosystem is defined as: co-innovation networks in which actors from organizations concerned with the functions of knowledge production, wealth creation, and norm control interact with each other in forming co-evolution and interdependent relations (both direct or indirect) in cross-geographical contexts and through which new ideas and approaches from various internal and external sources are integrated into a platform to generate shared values for the sustainable transformation of society. Compared with most commonly cited definitions of innovation ecosystem, our definition highlights three new aspects of interactions in co-innovation networks: cross-sectoral, transnational, and indirect, drawing insights from the literature including innovation, geography, and biology studies. The roles of universities in innovation ecosystems The emerging roles of universities in innovation ecosystems are as follows: (1) The role of universities is changing from being a central player in technology transfer to being an anchor in knowledge exchange; (2) universities are assuming a new role in trust-building between actors in innovation ecosystems; and (3) universities are not merely an entrepreneurial universities but are also institutional entrepreneur in the innovation ecosystem. The three emerging roles all indicate that universities are becoming the catalysts for sustainable development in innovation ecosystems. Knowledge exchange is crucial for sustainability; trust is the foundation of the sustainable networks; social entrepreneurship is indispensable for sustainable social change. Evidence in wider contexts A total of 44 authors from 10 countries contributed to the discussions on the changing roles of higher education in innovation ecosystems from varying perspectives. They also report transformations within higher education and universities’ responses to both external and internal transformations. When addressing these issues, the studies provide both theoretical and methodological contributions to the research on higher education in innovation ecosystems. The 16 articles can be generally placed into four categories: (1) new demands for universities arising from the transformation in society toward innovation ecosystems, (2) transformations within higher education responding to emerging societal demands, (3) dynamics of the interaction of university with other innovation actors in a transnational context, and (4) academic and student mobility for higher education innovation. Calling for a new research agenda While societal changes demand broader roles of universities, they also call for and leads to substantial changes within the internal fabric of the university. The innovations in both society and the universities necessitate a renewed understanding of higher education in society, which has become a new research agenda in studies on innovation in higher education. We hope our Special Issue will inspire and encourage more scholars to join the research field.
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::H Humanities
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::J Society & social sciences::JN Education
dc.subject.othertransnational industry cooperation
dc.subject.othertransnational university cooperation
dc.subject.othertransnational innovation ecosystem
dc.subject.otherscience, technology and innovation cooperation
dc.subject.othertransdisciplinary approach
dc.subject.otherartificial intelligence
dc.subject.othermachine learning
dc.subject.otherHigher Education
dc.subject.otherEntrepreneurial competences
dc.subject.otherTheory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)
dc.subject.otherOpen Innovation
dc.subject.otherbusiness creation
dc.subject.othertechnology transfer
dc.subject.otherinnovation ecosystem
dc.subject.otherentrepreneurship education
dc.subject.otherscience and technology
dc.subject.otherhigher education
dc.subject.othereducational innovation
dc.subject.otheracademic mobility
dc.subject.otherknowledge transfer
dc.subject.otherhigher education innovation
dc.subject.otherinstitutional environment
dc.subject.otherpostgraduate education
dc.subject.othereducation level
dc.subject.otherdiscipline background
dc.subject.othergraduation institution
dc.subject.otherD investment
dc.subject.othertriple helix
dc.subject.othersynergy mechanism
dc.subject.othernational system of innovation
dc.subject.otherBelt and Road Initiative
dc.subject.otherdevelopmental model of intercultural sensitivity
dc.subject.othergeneral model of instructional communication
dc.subject.otherinstructional beliefs model
dc.subject.otherintercultural communication competence model
dc.subject.othergreen GDP
dc.subject.othersustainable development
dc.subject.otherglobal innovation systems
dc.subject.otherChinese research university
dc.subject.otherfaculty income
dc.subject.otheracademic labor market
dc.subject.otherordinary labor market
dc.subject.otherjoint R&amp
dc.subject.otherD institute
dc.subject.otherinstitutional logics
dc.subject.otherChina’s innovation system
dc.subject.otherChina’s transnational Triple Helix linkages
dc.subject.othercritical reflection
dc.subject.otherknowledge integration
dc.subject.othersocial learning
dc.subject.othersystemic thinking
dc.subject.otherentrepreneurial university
dc.subject.otherinfluencing factors
dc.subject.othersustainable universities
dc.subject.othercorporate sustainability
dc.subject.otherintegrative framework
dc.subject.otherFinnish universities
dc.subject.otherhigher education system
dc.subject.othersocial entrepreneurship
dc.subject.otherentrepreneurial universities
dc.subject.otherbusiness model innovation
dc.subject.othersocialist economies
dc.subject.otherknowledge brokers
dc.subject.otherknowledge intensive policies
dc.subject.othersmart specialisation
dc.subject.otherinnovation ecosystems
dc.subject.otherglobal talent
dc.subject.othersocial integration
dc.subject.othereconomic integration
dc.subject.otherChinese student
dc.subject.otherthird mission
dc.subject.otherknowledge-based society
dc.subject.otherglobal innovation networks
dc.titleHigher Education in Innovation Ecosystems
oapen.pages320, Switzerland

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