Valorization of Residues from Energy Conversion of Biomass for Advanced and Sustainable Material Applications
Enke, Dirk (editor)
Beidaghy Dizaji, Hossein (editor)
Lenz, Volker (editor)
Zeng, Thomas (editor)
The focus of this Special Issue was on biomass ash valorization with respect to their potential for various material applications. Most of the publications in this Special Issue focused on the production of biogenic silica with different properties. Additionally, some of the publications considered application of biomass ashes and biochar as a fertilizer, for soil amendment and recovery of ash forming elements such as N and P, as well as the application of biomass feedstocks in biofuel production.Accordingly, ashes produced from the thermochemical conversion of agricultural residues have high potential to be utilized for different material applications. However, local availability, as well as scaling up the process and life-cycle assessment should be considered prior to the utilization of these materials. Furthermore, densification as a mechanical pre-treatment can be crucial to improve the fuel properties, while purification of some of the ash forming elements, such as calcium, potassium, and prosperous should also not be disregarded in future investigations.
Keywordsrice husk; rice husk ash; silica; engineered particle; bottom-up process; silica extraction; valorization; agricultural byproduct; sustainable material; biomass; renewable material; biogenic amorphous silica; green chemistry; maize leaves; sugarcane fiber; sugarcane leaves; sugarcane pith; biorefinery; multi-objectives RSM; nano-silica; de-ashing; cellulose crystals; carbon nanotubes; cellulose; sugarcane bagasse; capacitance; maize straw; acid leaching; ash; pyrolysis; nitrogen conversion; wood ash; fertilizer; heat and power plants; heavy metals; nutrients; German fertilizer legislation; alkaline leaching; continuous process; bio-based material; waste; exhausted grape marc; biochar; soil amendment; biogas; lifecycle assessment; greenhouse gas emissions; mitigation potential; GHG mitigation costs; manure; biomethane; RED II; EU ETS; smoldering; high moisture content; specific surface area; rice straw; nanosilica; methylene blue; zero waste generation; decolorization; SDGs; municipal sewage sludge; energy recovery; phosphorus recovery; techno-economic analysis; mono-combustion; co-combustion; n/a
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Publication date and placeBasel, 2022
Technology: general issues