Symmetry and Mesoscopic Physics
Yukalov, Vyacheslav (editor)
Nazmitdinov, Rashid G. (editor)
Symmetry is one of the most important notions in natural science; it lies at the heart of fundamental laws of nature and serves as an important tool for understanding the properties of complex systems, both classical and quantum. Another trend, which has in recent years undergone intensive development, is mesoscopic physics. This branch of physics also combines classical and quantum ideas and methods. Two main directions can be distinguished in mesoscopic physics. One is the study of finite quantum systems of mesoscopic sizes. Such systems, which are between the atomic and macroscopic scales, exhibit a variety of novel phenomena and find numerous applications in creating modern electronic and spintronic devices. At the same time, the behavior of large systems can be influenced by mesoscopic effects, which provides another direction within the framework of mesoscopic physics. The aim of the present book is to emphasize the phenomena that lie at the crossroads between the concept of symmetry and mesoscopic physics.
KeywordsBose systems; asymptotic symmetry breaking; Bose–Einstein condensation; particle fluctuations; stability of Bose systems; fractals; small-angle scattering; form factor; structural properties; dimension spectra; pair distance distribution function; stochastic dynamics; symmetry breaking; field-theoretic renormalization group; Bose–Einstein condensates; density; position variance; momentum variance; angular-momentum variance; harmonic-interaction model; MCTDHB; particle-hole symmetry; metal–insulator transition; random gap model; Monte Carlo simulations; structure factor; quantum droplet; binary Bose–Einstein condensate; modulational instability; graphene; ripple; transport; symmetry; quantum dot; Kramers degeneracy; spin-orbit interaction; tight-binding approach; Bose-Einstein condensates; Josephson oscillations; spontaneous symmetry breaking; Thomas-Fermi approximation; dynamical chaos; ground states; perturbation theory
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Publication date and placeBasel, 2022
Research & information: general