Ambient Air Quality in the Czech Republic
Hůnová, Iva (editor)
Ambient air quality in the present-day Czech Republic (CR), one of the two succession countries of Czechoslovakia post-1993, was perceived as a major problem with severe human health and environmental consequences, particularly between the 1970s and 1990s. Since that time, the ambient air quality in the CR has improved substantially, due to newly introduced stringent legislation and technical countermeasures. Nevertheless, there are still activities which represent significant emission sources, such as local heating and increased vehicle travel through communities. After a substantial decrease in emissions in both the CR and its neighbouring countries, the levels of some ambient air pollutants from the 2000s are still not satisfactory. In this respect, aerosol, ground-level ozone, and benzo[a]pyrene remain major problems, as they do elsewhere in Europe. The book provides a valuable update both on time trends and spatial changes in ambient air quality, and highlights the recent activities in both monitoring and modelling of principle ambient air pollutants in the CR.
Keywordsair pollution; air quality; 1950–2018; Czechoslovakia; emissions; aerosol; ground-level ozone; atmospheric deposition; health outcomes; environmental issues; particles; traffic; dispersion; PM10; pollution; F-gases; greenhouse gases; global warming potential; substitutes for ozone depleting substances; Czech Republic; microsensors; particle counter; gas analyzers; relative humidity; mixing layer height; ceilometer; suspended particulate matter; Czech-Polish border; urban parks; particulate matter; nitrogen oxides; ozone; PM pollution; seasonality; meteorological conditions; source apportionment; PMF (Positive Matrix Factorization); PM2.5; long-term trends; background scale; locomotives; non-road engines; rail; diesel-electric; real-world emissions; portable on-board emissions monitoring systems; NOx; real driving emissions; urban canopy; weather prediction; validation; PM1 aerosol; elements; water-soluble ions; factor analysis; benzo(a)pyrene; ambient air concentrations; spatial-temporal; population exposure; transboundary transport; meteorological factors; monitoring stations; Passing–Bablok test; regression analysis; statistical modeling; analysis of variance; tower; high-volume sampler; wind-direction-dependent sampling; neutron activation analysis; elemental composition; cross-border pollution transport; AIR BORDER; Czech-Polish borderlands; Interreg; NO2; passive sampler; Dieselgate; Prague; traffic volume; citizen science; public policy; health effects; n/a
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021
Research & information: general