Chemical Symmetry Breaking
Tamura, Rui (editor)
This book entitled “Chemical Symmetry Breaking” is a collective volume of state-of-the-art reports on unique nonlinear chemical and physical symmetry-breaking phenomena that were experimentally observed upon a thermally or photochemically induced phase transition in various organic condensed phases, such as metastable liquid crystals, crystals, amorphous solids, and colloidal polymer materials, only under nonequilibrium conditions. Each author summarizes the introductory section in simple terms but in detail for beginners in this field. We wish that many readers familiarize themselves with the general concepts and features of nonlinear and nonequilibrium (or out of equilibrium) complexity theory, which govern a variety of unique dynamic behaviors observed in chemistry, physics, life science and other fields, so that they may discover novel symmetry-breaking phenomena in their own research areas.
Keywordsamplification of chirality; dynamic crystallization; Diels–Alder reaction; absolute asymmetric synthesis; conglomerate; racemization; attrition-enhanced deracemization; Viedma ripening; reversible reaction; enantiomorphic crystal; polymorphism; off-shell quantum field; space-like momentum; dressed photon; micro-macro duality; Clebsch dual field; Majorana fermion; the cosmological term; Weyl tensor; dark energy; dark matter; photomechanical; crystal; right–left symmetry breaking; chiral symmetry breaking; dissipative structure; energy conversion; mechanical work; self-oscillation; collective dynamics; autonomous motion; self-replication; autocatalysis; molecular motor; molecular robot; amorphous-to-crystal phase transformation; detection of real-time symmetry breaking; mechanofluorochromism; fluorescence spectroscopy; liquid-like cluster; evaporative crystallization; quartz crystal microbalance; two-step nucleation model; chiral; circularly polarized luminescence (CPL); magnetic circularly polarized luminescence (MCPL); spontaneous resolution; chirality; deracemization; preferential enrichment; thermodynamics; phase diagrams; kinetics; symmetry breaking; ferroelectricity; antiferrolelectricity; subphases; resonant X-ray scattering; vapochromism; fluorescence; macrocycles; inclusion crystals; host–guest chemistry; spin symmetry breaking; magnetic liquid crystals; magneto-LC effect; nitroxide radicals; superparamagnetic domain; spin glass state; elastic organic crystals; mechanical deformation; π-conjugated molecules; photoluminescence; deformation-induced photoluminescence changes; biomolecular handedness; circular dichroism; circularly polarized luminescence; non-equilibrium; colloid; conjugated polymer
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2021
Research & information: general