Biocontrol Agents and Natural Compounds against Mycotoxinogenic Fungi
MATHIEU, Florence (editor)
SNINI, Selma P. (editor)
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by fungi. They cause deleterious effects on humans, animals, and plants. More than one hundred mycotoxins are known which contaminate food and feed raw materials. Fungal infection and mycotoxin contamination can occur directly in fields (pre-harvest stage), during storage, or during industrial processing (post-harvest stage). Given the proven toxicity of mycotoxins and their widespread distribution, it is necessary to prevent their occurrence in food and feed. To limit mycotoxin contamination, several techniques can be adopted at the pre-harvest or post-harvest stages. These techniques can reduce mycotoxin concentration through fungal growth reduction or mechanisms leading to mycotoxin degradation or mycotoxin detoxification (i.e., reduction of the toxicity). Until very recently, fungicides were favored to limit mycotoxin contamination by reducing fungal growth. Nonetheless, the sanitary and environmental impacts of these products and their effects on food quality encourage the development of alternative strategies based on biocontrol agents (BCAs) or natural compounds. Moreover, in some cases, fungal growth reduction can stimulate mycotoxin production. The focus of this Special Issue of Toxins is to gather the most recent advances related to reducing mycotoxin contamination in food and feed using BCAs and natural compounds. In this context, two main types of approaches can be proposed: Preventive methods that could be applied in the field, during storage, or during industrial processing and curative methods that detoxify contaminated matrices by eliminating the produced mycotoxin.
Keywordsantimycotoxigenic activity; Citrullus colocynthis; Aspergillus flavus; model system; HPLC-MS/MS; fungal-bacterial interactions; Bacillus amyloliquefaciens; Fusarium graminearum; Fengycin; mycotoxins; Alternaria alternata; mycotoxin; alternariol; essential oil; cell integrity; oxidative stress; Ochratoxin A; biological control; Qatari microflora; Burkholderia cepacia; thermostability; antagonistic agents; in vitro dual culture bioassay; nutritional competition; aflatoxin; atoxigenic strain; maize; Serbia; phenyllactic acid; biocontrol agent; T-2 toxin; F. langsethiae; F. sporotrichioides; G. candidum; mycotoxin.; fullerol C60(OH)24; nanoparticles; foodborne mycotoxigenic fungi; secondary metabolism; Aspergillus spp.; Fusarium spp.; Alternaria spp.; Penicillium spp.; n/a
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Publication date and placeBasel, Switzerland, 2020
Research & information: general
Biology, life sciences