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dc.contributor.authorReinisch, Jessica 09:09:28 23:55 09:09:28
dc.identifierOCN: 1076652699
dc.description.abstractWhen the war was over in 1945, Germany was a country with no government, little functioning infrastructure, millions of refugees and homeless people, and huge foreign armies living largely off the land. Large parts of the country were covered in rubble, with no clean drinking water, electricity, or gas. Hospitals overflowed with patients, but were short of beds, medicines, and medical personnel. In these conditions, the potential for epidemics and public health disasters was severe. This is a study of how the four occupiers—Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States—attempted to keep their own troops and the ex-enemy population alive. While the war was still being fought, German public health was a secondary consideration for them, an unaffordable and undeserved luxury. But once fighting ceased and the occupation began, it rapidly turned into a urgent priority. Public health was now recognized as an indispensable component of creating order, keeping the population governable, and facilitating the reconstruction of German society. But they faced a number of insoluble problems in the process: Which Germans could be trusted to work with the occupiers, and how were they to be identified? Who could be tolerated because of a lack of alternatives? How, if at all, could former Nazis be reformed and reintegrated into German society? What was the purpose of the occupation anyway? This is the first carefully researched comparison of the four occupation zones which looks at the occupation through the prism of public health, an essential service fundamentally shaped by political and economic criteria, and which in turn was to determine the success or failure of the occupation.
dc.rightsopen access
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::H Humanities::HB History::HBJ Regional & national history::HBJD European history
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::H Humanities::HB History::HBL History: earliest times to present day::HBLW 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000::HBLW3 Postwar 20th century history, from c 1945 to c 2000
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::H Humanities::HB History::HBW Military history::HBWQ Second World War
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::M Medicine::MB Medicine: general issues::MBX History of medicine
dc.subject.otherpost-war germany
dc.subject.otherpublic health
dc.subject.otherworld war ii
dc.titleChapter Allies and Germans
dc.title.alternativeThe Public Health Crisis in Occupied Germany

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