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dc.contributor.authorFitzer, Susan C.
dc.contributor.authorBin San Chan, Vera
dc.contributor.authorMeng, Yuan
dc.contributor.authorChandra Rajan, Kanmani
dc.contributor.authorSuzuki, Michio
dc.contributor.authorNot, Christelle
dc.contributor.authorToyofuku, Takashi
dc.contributor.authorFal, Laura
dc.date.available2021-02-10T12:58:18Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.date.submitted2019-10-21 11:59:15
dc.date.submitted2020-04-01T10:08:59Z
dc.identifier1005351
dc.identifierOCN: 1135848536
dc.identifierhttp://library.oapen.org/handle/20.500.12657/24760
dc.identifier.urihttps://directory.doabooks.org/handle/20.500.12854/30165
dc.description.abstractOcean acidification (OA) is the decline in seawater pH and saturation levels of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) minerals that has led to concerns for calcifying organisms such as corals, oysters and mussels because of the adverse effects of OA on their biomineralisation, shells and skeletons. A range of cellular biology, geochemistry and materials science approaches have been used to explore biomineralisation. These techniques have revealed that responses to seawater acidification can be highly variable among species, yet the underlying mechanisms remain largely unresolved. To assess the impacts of global OA, researchers will need to apply a range of tools developed across disciplines, many of which are emerging and have not yet been used in this context. This review outlines techniques that could be applied to study OA-induced alterations in the mechanisms of biomineralisation and their ultimate effects on shells and skeletons. We illustrate how to characterise, quantify and monitor the process of biomineralisation in the context of global climate change and OA. We highlight the basic principles, as well as the advantages and disadvantages, of established, emerging and future techniques for OA researchers. A combination of these techniques will enable a holistic approach and better understanding of the potential impact of OA on biomineralisation and its consequences for marine calcifiers and associated ecosystems.
dc.languageEnglish
dc.relation.ispartofseriesOcean Engineering & Oceanography
dc.rightsopen access
dc.subject.classificationbic Book Industry Communication::R Earth sciences, geography, environment, planning
dc.subject.otherStructures
dc.subject.othertechniques
dc.subject.otherocean acidification
dc.titleChapter 2 Established and Emerging Techniques for Characterising the Formation, Structure and Performance of Calcified Structures under Ocean Acidification
dc.typechapter
oapen.relation.isPublishedByfa69b019-f4ee-4979-8d42-c6b6c476b5f0
oapen.relation.isPartOfBook29a8cb48-f444-4dd1-800c-bad320692b7c
oapen.relation.isPartOfBook60c15fb0-a7a8-4a16-aa06-d47245bd60dc
oapen.relation.isbn9780429026379
oapen.imprintCRC Press
oapen.pages40


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